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Sanicro (28​/35)

Sanicro 28/35

Sanicro 28

Sanicro 28 is a high-alloy multi-purpose austenitic stainless steel with high levels of nickel and chromium, known for its corrosion resistance in a wide range of aggressive environments.

Common products made from Sanicro steel include:

  1. Tubes and Pipes: Sanicro steel tubes and pipes are widely used in industries such as power generation, chemical processing, and oil and gas refining. They are favored for their ability to withstand high temperatures and aggressive chemical environments.

  2. Fittings and Flanges: These components are essential for connecting Sanicro steel tubes and pipes in various systems. They are designed to maintain integrity under extreme conditions, including high pressures and temperatures.

  3. Plates and Sheets: Sanicro steel plates and sheets are utilized in applications requiring corrosion resistance and high strength, such as heat exchangers, boilers, and pressure vessels.

  4. Bars and Rods: Sanicro steel bars and rods find applications in structural components, fasteners, and machined parts where corrosion resistance and durability are critical.

  5. Forgings: Forged Sanicro steel components, including valves, fittings, and shafts, are engineered to provide superior performance in demanding environments, such as chemical processing plants and power generation facilities.

  6. Wire and Welding Consumables: Sanicro steel wire and welding consumables are used for joining and fabrication purposes, ensuring that the resulting welds maintain the corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of the base material.

  7. Heat Exchangers: Sanicro steel is commonly used in the construction of heat exchangers, particularly in applications involving aggressive fluids or high-temperature processes.


Sanicro 28 finds application in various industries like Chemical Processing Industry, Oil and Gas Industry, Power Generation, Power Generation, Pulp and Paper Industry, Water Treatment, Aerospace Industry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Mining and Metallurgy & Food and Beverage Industry Sanicro 28’s resistance to corrosion, especially in acidic and chloride-rich environments, makes it a versatile material in industries where durability, reliability, and longevity are essential

Chemical Compositions Sanicro 28

Elements% present
Nickel (Ni)30-32%
Chromium (Cr)26-28%
Molybdenum (Mo)3-4%
Copper (Cu)0.8-1.4%
Nitrogen (N)0.15-0.25%
Carbon (C)0.02%
Manganese (Mn)2.00%
Silicon (Si)1.00%
Phosphorus (P)0.03%
Sulfur (S)0.01%

Mechanical Properties Sanicro 28

Mechanical PropertiesValues
Tensile Strength (at RT)600-750 MPa
Yield Strength (0.2% offset)300-350 Mpa
Elongation (at RT)35-45%
Hardness (Brinell)160 max
Impact StrengthGood

Processing / Welding

  1.  Welding Methods
  1. Preheating and Interpass Temperature
  1. Heat Input
  1. Post-Weld Heat Treatment
  1. Avoid Contamination
  1. Use Dedicated Tools:
  1. Post-Weld Cleaning and Passivation:
  1. Consultation with Experts
  1. Testing

Sanicro 35

Sanicro 35 alloy combines the greatest qualities of a nickel alloy with those of super austenitic stainless steel. Excellent corrosion resistance makes this grade suitable for use in severely corrosive settings, including seawater.

Application Sanicro 35

Sanicro 35 is especially well-suited for applications that use seawater for cooling or heating because of its excellent pitting and crevice corrosion characteristics. Sanicro 35 is also highly resistant to general corrosion in acidic environments, making it ideal for a wide range of applications.

Chemical Composition

Chemical composition (nominal) %

Mechanical Properties Sanicro 35

Metric units

Proof strengthTensile StrengthElongation

Imperial units

Proof strengthTensile StrengthElongation


1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
a) Rp0.2 and Rp1.0 corresponds to 0.2% and 1.0% offset yield strength.
b) Based on L0 = 5.65 √S0 where L0 is the original gauge length and S0 the original cross-section area.

At high temperatures

Intermetallic phases precipitate at temperatures exceeding 600°C (1110°F). As a result, the steel should not be subjected to these temperatures for extended durations.

Metric units

TemperatureProof strengthTensile strengthElongation

Imperial units

TemperatureProof strengthTensile strengthElongation

Physical Properties Sanicro 35

Density: 8.1 g/cm3, 0.29 lb/in3

Thermal conductivity

Temperature, °CW/(m °C)Temperature, °FBtu/(ft h °F)

Specific heat capacity

Temperature, °CJ/(kg °C)Temperature, °FBtu/(lb °F)


Thermal expansion Sanicro 35

Metric units, x10-6/°C

Temperature, °C30-10030-20030-30030-400
Sanicro® 351414.51515.5
Carbon steel12.51313.514
ASTM 316L16.51717.518

Imperial units, x10-6/°F

Temperature, °C86-20086-40086-60086-800
Sanicro® 35888.58.5
Carbon steel777.58
ASTM 316L9.59.51010


Temperature, °CμΩmTemperature, °FμΩinch

Modulus of elasticity, x103

Temperature, °CMPaTemperature, °Fksi


Processing / Welding

Sanicro 35 has good weldability, and TIG welding (GTAW) is a suitable fusion welding process.

Welding should be done with a modest heat input of no more than 1.2 kJ/mm and a maximum interpass temperature of 100 °C. A stringer welding technique should be utilized. Preheating and post-weld heat treatment are unnecessary. To ensure that the welded joint retains its complete corrosion resistance, welding must be followed by careful cleaning to remove all oxides and heat tint. Ar + 2%N2 is recommended as a shielding and backing gas for TIG welding to get the best mix of mechanical qualities and corrosion resistance in the welded joint.

Welding austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys frequently results in the risk of hot cracking in the welded joints.

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